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托福托福听力 新托福考试听力加试集锦:浪漫主义诗歌,托福听力

新托福考试听力加试集锦:浪漫主义诗歌

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  新托福考试的听力加试是许多考托朋友都需要复习准备的,下面我们搜集总结了部分听力经典加试的题目、内容和答案,希望能减轻大家的复习压力,助大家快速熟悉掌握这些加试内容。

  在托福改革后,新托福考试机经重复率变得很小,但是经典加试的重复率极高,比如像大王花这道植物学题,和浪漫主义、新古典主义这道文学题目,以及神经胶质细胞这道微生物题目,考生一定要做到耳熟能详,听觉形象的快速建立。

  以下是新托福听力经典加试题之:浪漫主义诗歌

  literature 主要讲了 18-19 世纪英国浪漫主义(Romanticism)诗歌的代表人Wardsworth 的诗。他是浪漫主义的鼻祖,但浪漫主义这个称谓是后人加上的,不是他们本身这样称呼自己的(此处出题)。Romanticism 不是我们平时理解的 romance,和男女之间的爱情无关。Romanticism 针对的是commonpeople 而不是少数educated people,用的是simple language,描述的是日常生活中常见的事物,孩子,人类情感,以及自然和人类之间的互动。教授以自己为例,说自己在散步时感受到了这种互动(此处出题)与romanticism 针锋相对的一种风格是neoclassicism 新古典主义,也是那位 romanticism 的鼻祖很反对的。neoclassicism 使用太多的 elaboration,如sky 不叫sky,而叫blue 什么的;bird 不叫bird,而叫feathered person。教授把该诗人的作品分为三个阶段。早期的浪漫主义作品,主要描述植物的(花与草)诗歌。

  中期时是对一些社会现象的评论。后期时对早期的作品进行修改。目前文学界还是认为它早期的作品是最好的。(教授还说,他的诗越写到后来越糟糕,反而早期的比较好,本文重点讲了他第一阶段的诗)。

  wordsworth, as we have said, is the chiefrepresentative 典型的 of some of the most important principles 原则 in the romantic movement, but he is far more a memberof any movement, through his supreme poetic expression of some of the greatestspiritual ideals he belongs among the five or six greatest English poets.

  first, he isthe profoundest interpreter of nature in all poetry. his feeling for nature hastwo aspects. he is keenly sensitive, and in a more delicately discriminatingway than any of his predecessors, to all the external beauty and glory ofnature, especially inanimate nature of mountains, woods and fields, streams andflowers, in all their infinitely varied aspects. a wonderful joyous andintimate sympathy with them is one of his controlling impulses.

  In the second place, wordswoth is the most consistentof all the great English poets of democracy, though here as elsewhere hisinterest is mainly not in the external but in the spiritual aspect of things. the obstinacy andthese poems are only the most conspicuous result of w's chief temperamentaldefect, which was an almost total lack of the sense of humor. regarding himselfs the prophet of a supremely important new gospel, he never admitted

  The possibility of error in his own point of view and was never able to stand asidefrom his poetry and criticize it dispassionately.

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