1. In the past, people were more interested in improving their neighborhoods than they are today.
点睛： 题目大意：与现在人相比，过去的人对提升社区环境更感兴趣。 波波建议选择同意，即认为过去更愿意提升社区环境，原因如下：1.生活压力变大，挤压人们空闲时间 2.人口流动加快导致邻里关系变得疏远。
|中间段一||主题句||The limited spare time owned by the people today dampers their passion for improving the community.|
|解释||As is common sense, under such a society saturated with pressures, people, regardless of their age, have to devote most of their time to their work in order to stand out in the firece competition. Consequently, the leisure time of residents will be reduced dramatically, thus incuring the result that they have no interest in participating in community activities. +数据例证：对比古今工作时间的长度By contrast, in the past, it was a totally different picture. The relatively life-free lifestyle furnished individuals more spare time, which were used for planting some flowers and cleaning the weeds in the neighborhood.|
|中间段二||主题句||The ties among members of the community become more estranged, which make people nowadays less interested in bettering the neighborhood.|
|解释||With the accelerating urbanization, the population movement has become more frequent than ever before out of various purposes, job opportunity, higher education, etc. Thus, it is not uncommon that resident living in a community don’t know each other, thus leading to the alienation of relationship between neighbors. However, in bygone days, the members of a community maybe had stayed together for several years, even several decades. Accordingly, the bond between them was so closer that they regarded the whole community as a large family and voluntarily undertook the responsibilty of maintaining the living environment. +编故事|
2. In the past young people depended on their parents for making decisions. Today young people are better able to make decisions on their own.
点睛： 题目大意：现在的孩子更有能力自己做决定了。 波波建议选择同意，即认为现在的孩子更有能力自己做决定了，原因如下：1.孩子受教育水平在提升 2. 有更多的资源帮助孩子
|中间段一||主题句||To begin with, young people today have stronger capability of making decisions on their own owing to the improvement of their educational background.|
|解释||It is self-evident that the better education one receives, the better his decision-making ability will be. Take college education as an example. For one thing, attending college provides the young a good opportunity to obtain more comprehensive knowledge, which will definitely help them to be a better decision maker. For another, during the four years in college, we can participate in various school associations such as the student union, which will accumulate lots of experience and thus enhance our ability to make decisions. However, in the past, few young people had the chance to receive education. This can be demonstrated by a survey conducted by the Ministry of Education. In 2013, 60% of people under 30 were bachelor’s degree holders while in 1980, 50 % of people of the same age were illiteracy. Therefore, the improvement of education for young generation can enable them to better make decisions.|
|中间段二||主题句||Furthermore, compared with the young in the past, young people today have more resources to consult while making decision.|
|解释||A good case in point is the advent of the internet. The internet makes amounts of information available to young people today, which will definitely contribute to their decision making process. If a young boy is confronted with a problem, he can enter the key words of his problems and click the mouse, and then he will find some relevant advice. However, in the past, while facing the same problem, the young man had to turn to nobody but his parents. Therefore, the diversification of channels of gaining information also contributes to improving their ability to make decisions.|
3. Teaching is harder than it was in the past.
波波点睛： 题目大意：教学现在比过去难。 波波建议选择不同意，即认为现在教学便简单了，原因如下：1.生活压力变大，挤压人们空闲时间 2.人口流动加快导致邻里关系变得疏远。
|中间段一||主题句||To begin with, teachers nowadays have stronger competency in teaching than those in the past, with the result that teaching becomes much simpler.|
|解释||For one thing, compared to their counterparts in the past, teachers nowadays have acquired more expertise on the subject they teach because of their better educational background. According to a survey conducted by National Education Ministry in China, among all teachers in primary and middle schools nationwide, up to 74% have achieved bachelor degree, and about 18% are master-degree holder in 2012. However in 1990, the two figures were respectively 13% and less than 4%. Such a dramatic rise in teachers' educational level can reflect the improvement of teachers' competency, which will facilitate their teaching. Apart from the enhancement of specialized knowledge in the part of teachers, nearly all teachers today are required to learn educational psychology, which is essential to understand their students. As a result, a much deeper understanding of students will also help to make teaching less difficult.|
|中间段二||主题句||Furthermore, with the aid of various teaching resources, the teaching burdens on the shoulders of teachers will be greatly lessened.|
|解释||Specifically speaking, the wide application of multimedia equipments such as computers and projectors allows teachers to show content on the screen with no need to writing down on the blackboard. The easy availability ofabundant books and data in the library can reduce the time of collecting data while preparing for their class. A good case in point is the changes that took place in the chemistry class. In the past, due tothelack of chemical instrument such as tubes and microscopes, teachers had great difficulty in explaining the process of somecomplexchemical reactions. However, today many schoolshave a laboratory where there are various instruments and equipments. All thesefacilitieswillhelp to make teaching become much easier.|