本次考试中 task1与2017.12.10 task2 Do you agree or disagree that it is harder to save money than it was in the past这道题重复。独立口语的话总体来看没有很难，跟日常生活关系比较密切。而综合口语部分task3,5题材料的结构比较常规，而4，6题上面出的话题稍难一点，会给学员在记忆所给信息上带来一点困难，从而影响作答。
Why do you think the biggest challenge is that people are not able to save money? How to solve the problem?
这道题首先从答题结构上来说中间的两个分论点其实题目已经给我们定好了，第一个分论点说难省钱的原因，比如买一些大型商品 the real estate, jewelry, private car or luxury需要耗费大量的钱，因此人们的钱都花在了这些方面，不能省下来，或者说利用credit card consumption这样的提前消费较多，特别是在一些大型线上活动，淘宝京东等的shopping festival会集中购买较多物品，从而导致后面很多时候都在pay the debt,因而不能省下钱。 第二个论点段就说如何解决省钱难的问题，比如进行rational consumption， unnecessary的commodity 如luxury，apartment not to live in 就不要purchase，在shopping festival时只买目前需要的goods.
With the development of economy, the average salary is increasing but people are not able to save money.
From my perspective of view, it is because credit card consumption is becoming common and when paying by credit card, they will no long feel that they may have a tight budget as they did using the cash, and buy a large amount of commodities no matter they are needed in the near future or not. As a result, in the following months their main task is to pay off the debt.
I would suggest that people should keep in mind that rational consumption is the pre-condition of saving money. They should think twice before a purchase of anything: is it too expensive for me? Is it necessary to buy this item? And things like that. I think this will work.
Home teaching is a teaching method that a family hires a private teacher/ tutor to teach the children at home. Do you agree or disagree that home teaching is very important, and explain why?
这道题是典型的是否同意某一事情很重要的题目，同意的话就说该事件的两个优点，不同意的话就说该事件的两个缺点，通常情况下说优点会相比较于说缺点更容易回答一些。Home teaching的优点有：1 可以seek out the weakness and make up for the deficiency in time.因为public school的老师要照顾的是the whole class，无法及时关注到每一个学员是否master了所讲内容，一般来说用来test的examination的frequency不够高，而home teaching的老师在上课的时候可以立即发现学员的不足，而后prepare a tailor-made course 来进行弥补. 2 home teaching的老师的teaching effect 会很不错。因为home teacher 跟学生有 more frequent interaction， closer relationship with the students，所以students are more likely to do as the teacher says.
I would agree that home teaching is very important. There are a couple of reasons to name.
To begin with, home teachers can seek out the weakness of the students and make up for the deficiency in time. Since home teachers usually give classes 1v1, they can sense which part the student is weak in and then prepare a tailor-made course for the students.
Moreover, the teaching effect will be pretty good. As we all know, during the 1 on 1 class, there will be more frequent interactions between the teacher and student, and their relationship will be much closer so that the students are more likely to do as the teacher tells them to.
In conclusion, home teaching is quite important.
An announcement, the library is going to open private booth at the top floor to the students. 1 it can keep security of students’ books and materials, 2 it is a silent place for them to study in.
The woman agrees. 1 graduate students need do a lot of research work and the materials are heavy, the booths can be used to store their backpacks and keep their materials secure. 2 graduate students need a quiet place in order not to be disturbed by others, sitting in big tables can help them become more social, graduates need to be sociable
The school library is going to open private booth at the top floor to the students because the private booth can keep security of the students’ books and materials and also it is a quiet place for the students to study in.
And the woman in the conversation agrees with it and gives two reasons. Firstly, graduate students need to do a lot of research work and the necessary materials are extremely heavy. The booths can be used to store their backpacks full of books and keep the materials safe. What’s more, graduate students long for a quiet place in order not to be disturbed by others while studying. And studying by big tables can help them become more social, which is a good change for them.
定义: a phenomenon that the predators’ population decrease causes the preys’ population to increase quickly and the eco-system will be destroyed.
e.g. In an area of North America, an animal species feeds on deer and other small animals. Soon roads are built in this area and the traffic there is much busier so that animal species leaves there. And consequently, the deer population increases a lot. Naturally, the cotton trees which are the food resources of the deer decreases soon. And the birds that live in the cotton tree begin to lessen. Finally, the ecosystem undergoes an irreversible change.
The reading is about an academic topic known as trophic cascade, which refers to a phenomenon that the predators’ population decrease causes the preys’ population to increase quickly and the eco-system will be destroyed.
And in the lecture the professor gives an example to explain this. According to the lecture, in an area of North America, there is an animal species feeding on deer and other smaller animals. Soon the roads are built in this area and the traffic becomes much busier so that the predator animal leaves there. And consequently, the deer population increases a lot. Naturally, the cotton trees which are the food resources of the deer decreases soon. So the birds that live in the cotton tree begin to lessen. Finally, the ecosystem undergoes an irreversible change.