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托福听力备考技巧分享

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2018-01-17 15:07

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【 liuxue86.com - 托福听力 】

  托福听力只能不断说和听,那么常用的备考技巧有哪些呢?想必是不少出国人士比较关心的问题,和出国留学网一起来看看托福听力备考技巧,欢迎阅读。

  托福听力备考技巧

  1、单词是大前提,名词要特别重视

  建议大家把历年托福听力中出现名词背一下,很管用,这些词汇都是长对话里的重要特征,其实听懂这些往往对你猜测答案有意想不到的效果,其实托福听力中长对话一般不会说和我们常识相反的事物,你能够听明白在说个什么东西,即使后来很多不懂,连蒙带猜也可以做对3-4个。

  2、坚持以听力真题为根本

  没有完全了解和熟悉托福听力真题前,不要去听friends,voa,空中美语等等,特别是不要听疯狂英语。也许我的能力不够,依照我看疯狂英语要是你能听懂2/3,那么你听力已经不是一般水平了,所以你能够熟悉所有真题,耳熟能详,就已经算是功力高深了,千万不要好高骛远。

  新托福听力备考方法一:善于模仿

  不要盲目追求题海战术,不断地找新题目来练,而应该把注意力放在听过的题目上,进一步分析、研究,并认真模仿听力题目中的各种语音、语调、语气、习语、俚语等。

  3、一边听对话一边做题

  如果只听材料不做题,容易造成听后不反应文章意思的坏习惯,即便大部分能够听懂,基本都可以做对题,那么你是否想过有些你似乎理解意思,其实根本是错误的,只有做过题目对过答案才能够纠正,就算不存在以上问题,虽然听力选项答案简单,但是个体浏览和理解速度有差异,长期只听不作题必定导致你扫描答案速度降低。

  新托福听力备考方法二:掌握多义词

  口语的最大特点是一词多义,这也是导致一些考生明明听出了是哪个词,却仍然搞不懂其在题目中确切含义的重要原因。因此,在平时练习中要注意掌握听力题目中常用词汇和句式的其他用法。

  新托福听力备考方法三:了解美国文化背景和思维方式

  语言是文化和思维的载体,努力挖掘听力题目中的美国文化背景和思维模式,就能在听力过程中变被动为主动。

  新托福听力备考方法四:不断记忆

  托福独立口语备考-独立口语如何用细节扩展段落

  托福口语独立题考两道:

  第一个题我们叫做描述题,要求考生描述其熟悉的一个人,一个地方,一个物体或者一件事情;

  第二个题叫二选一题,要求考生从所给的两个选项里面选一个并给出支撑自己选择的理由。

  两个独立题都明确表示要学生在段落里面给出足够的细节和例子来充实段子。

  但大多数中国考生在回答这两个题的时候都会陷入一个问题,段落过于空泛,段子明显不充实,很多时候都是在重复一个观点一个解释,而没有让这个段落往前发展下去,导致得分偏低。

  今天就跟大家说说如何用细节拓展独立口语内容。

  比如我们来看一个例题:

  Task 1

  Talk about a popular gathering place in your town where people like to go.

  Describe the place and explain why people enjoy going there. Include specific

  examples and details in your response. 要求描述一个人们爱聚集的一个地方并解释原因。

  考生拿到这个题大多会选择一个shopping center,leisure

  center或者park这种比较适合各个年龄阶层的人去的地方作为topic,下面是某位考生的作答:

  In my opinion, people in my town like to go to the central park for two

  reasons:

  To begin with, they can do some exercise there. A lot of people will go to the

  park to do some sports to keep healthy. Sometimes the whole family will get

  together in the park to do exercise.

  In addition,people could enjoy the beautiful views in the park and they feel

  relaxed. They can get close to nature and release pressure from work or study.

  So that’s why people in my town will go to the park.

  我们来分析这个段子,开门见山给出topic—park, 用两个理由支撑—do exercise and enjoy views,但整个答案欠缺的就是细节充实的问题。比如do exercise后面,考生可以直接列出具体细节:

  People like to play Tai Chi or go jogging in the morning,and the whole family

  may get together to go for a walk after dinner or play badminton in the park.

  直接给出这种细节描述exercise让段子更生动,而不是一直重复people do exercise or do sports.

  同样的,第二层关于enjoy beautiful views后面也可以增加一些具体的景物描写,trees, flowers, lake, bridge, fountain等。

  下面给出一个对比的范例:

  Well, a gathering place in my town is the central park.

  One reason is that the park provides people a place to do some exercise. For

  example, old people would play Tai Chi in the early morning, students may go

  jogging around the park, and the whole family could go for a stroll after

  dinner. By doing some sports, they can keep healthy and energetic.

  Plus, people have the chance to get close to nature and escape from the rest of

  the city like the concrete buildings, loads of schoolwork and huge pressure

  from work. I mean, they could feel the fresh air blowing their face, the smell

  of the flowers in the park.

  So that’s why citizens like to go to the park.

  这样整个口语回答会显得更充实,更容易拿到高分。既然充实段落很重要,下面我们来介绍几种常用方法补充细节。

  拿自己,身边的人直接举例子

  例题:Task 2

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

  Students benefit more from classes with a large number of students than they do

  from smaller classes. Use specific examples and details to support your

  opinion.

  这个题,其实就是小班好还是大班好的问题。选择没有对错,只要能充分证明自己的选择即可。

  学生的回答提纲是: smaller class is better

  1)Get more personal attention from professor

  2)Concentrate better

  对于第一个reason,我们可以直接举一个身边的例子加以说明。

  比如:taking myself as an example, last summer, I took

  park in a painting training class and there were only five students in the

  class, so I got more time to interact with the teacher about my weakness in

  painting.

  很多学生质疑说这样的例子有说服力吗。但事实上独立题本来就是侧重考生的familiar things,所以推荐用身边的小例子作为支撑。

  举反例,正的不行就说反的

  同样上面这个例题的第二个理由,是学生常常会用到的一个万能理由,但很多学生都不知道怎么把它加以扩展。

  说:Students can concentrate better in smaller class

  because it’s more quiet.

  后面的思路就枯竭了,这个时候就可以用举反例的细节扩展方法:however, in bigger

  classes, there are so many people that they may easily talk, laugh, joke around

  or gossip, which makes noise in the class to distract others.

  给出具体的数据

  这一个方面一般在我们用到时间和钱这两个万能理由的时候会用到。

  例:Describe the most efficient type of transportation in

  your country. Use details and examples to explain your response.

  Topic: airplane

  Reason 1: fast,save time

  Reason 2: no traffic congestion

  对于第一个reason, 我们可以直接给出数据和对比:

  For example,it only takes me 2 hours to fly from one city to another, however,

  when Ichoose to take train, it may cost me more than 20 hours.充分说明taking airplane is more efficient.

  例2:You prefer to watch movie in

  the movie theater or at home.

  Topic: at home

  Reason 1: save money

  Reason 2: have more options when choosing movies

  对于第一个理由,我们可以用倍数形式来显示在家看电影多省钱:watching movies in the

  movie theater costs 2 times more than watching same movies at home.

  例3:这座建筑很高。

  The building is very tall.

  扩展细节:

  The building is as tall as 468 meters, ranking first in Asia and third in the

  world. There are 68 spheres in the building and the three biggest ones are

  observatories, where tourists can have a birds-eye view of the whole city. It

  has been the land mark of the city since it was completed.

  四、抽象的名词给出小的并列例子加以具体化

  Example 1.那里有很多食物。

  There is a lot of traditional Chinese food.

  There is a lot of traditional Chinese food like Fried rice with egg, Gong pao

  Chicken, Ma Po Tofu, Dumplings, Pecking Duck and so on.

  Example 2. 那里风景优美。

  It has beautiful scenery there.

  It has beautiful scenery there. I can smell the grass and flowers,hear the

  cries of the birds, and feel the bracing breeze on my face.

  Example 3我可以了解一些外国的好玩的事情

  I would be able to know about interesting stuff in the foreign countries.

  I would be able to know about interesting stuff including their customs,

  cultures, and histories.

  下面我们再结合一些学生的回答,综合运用以上几个方法示范,怎么用细节扩展口语段落。

  例1. describe a person you admire the most. Give

  specific details and examples.

  学生回答:Well, the person I admire the most is my English

  teacher Lee, who was teaching me at junior high school. Here is some reasons

  I’d like to share with you.

  For starters, my English teacher Lee is really responsible, he paid a lot of

  attention on our school work and paper and help us improve.

  Plus, he has a sense of humor. He always tell us some stories to make us laugh,

  so we feel relaxed in his class. All the students like his class.

  So, that is why I admire my English teacher most! Thank you.

  分析:对于人物的描述,核心在人物的性格(quality,characteristics, features)的一个描写,该生描述老师responsible 和 humorous,但是都不充分,我们需要给出具体的表现和例子。

  Responsible—for example, he would use his spare time to give us lots of

  detailed comments on our paper in order to make us improve.

  Humorous—he may tell us some funny jokes or stories or even imitate the

  behaviors of Mr.Bean in the class, thus, we all feel relaxing in the class and

  can study much better.

  例2.Is it beneficial for students to have computers? Use

  details and examples in your response.

  学生回答:

  As far as I am concerned,I think it is good for students to have computers.

  The most important reason is that they can improve their study efficiency. They

  can use computer to search for some useful information to study better.

  Another reason is that they can entertain themselves by using computer.

  Students have huge pressure in study, when they go back home, they could use

  the computer to release pressure.

  分析:对于提高学习效率和娱乐放松,是我们常用的两个理由,但是我们可以用细节把这些理由说得更清楚。

  Search for some useful information using the computer à For example, when they

  write the paper or do research, they can find some materials or resources

  online like the data, the examples, the statistical tests and soon.

  Entertain themselves and release pressure à for instance,they could watch some

  movies, listen to music or play games to escape from the loads of problems in

  study.

  例3.Describe a subject which is difficult but also

  important. Use details and examples in your response.

  学生回答:well, the subject which is difficult but important

  is Mathematics.

  To begin with, it is difficult. I am poor in math; I think I have to spend a

  lot of time doing the math problems.

  However,math is also very important. If I can’t study math well, I will also

  fail in some other science class like the physics.

  分析:这个回答过于简略,没有结合这个学科谈具体的细节。比如在强调数学很难,可以给出很多细节原因:it

  needs strong logical ability, I have to recite lots of formulas and theories;

  it’s too abstract, hard to understand.

  例4. Describe an interesting book you have ever read.

  Give specific reasons and details in your response.

  学生回答:In my opinion,one interesting I have read is a

  cooking book, which is sent from my friend jerry before I went abroad to study.

  To begin with, I can learn how to cook using this book. It teaches me to do

  some traditional Chinese food and also even some simple foreign food. If I can

  cook food, I can take care of myself and even invite some classmates and

  friends to enjoy food cooked by me.

  In addition, I could also learn some culture from other countries by knowing

  their food.

  分析:对于这本书的描写还是不够,重点放在功能上,但是也不能忽略对于这个物体本身的描述。

  比如在描写这本书能teach me cook.最好可以讲讲里面的内容和特色: it shows me the specific steps while cooking the food, even adds a

  lot of vivid pictures, which makes it easier to follow while doing it by

  myself.

  此外第二点也是一样,只是提到learn some foreign culture about the

  food.

  干脆后面再给一个例子,for instance, When I make the sushi, a type

  of Japanese food, I learn that people in Japan like to eat some raw food, which

  is considered to be more nutritious.

  以上这些方法,童鞋们都可以牢记在心,然后用近几年的口语独立1,2题,加以练习。让自己的口语回答更加充实,得高分。

  以上是小编整理的托福听力备考技巧,谢谢浏览。

  推荐阅读:

  2018托福听力备考策略

  托福听力高分备考经验

  想了解更多托福听力网的资讯,请访问: 托福听力

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