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托福写作有哪些黄金替换词

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2018-04-26 14:33

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  对于很多准备考托福的同学来说,不知道准备得怎么样呢?今天就和出国留学网的小编一起来了解一下托福写作有哪些黄金替换词?

  第一批

  famous 著名的、出众的

  替换词:distinguished (used to describe people who are successful in their career)

  ancient 古老的

  替换词:archaic (extremely old and extremely old-fashioned)

  possible 可能的、合理的

  替换词:feasible (if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved)

  so 因此

  替换词:consequently / accordingly

  rare 很少发生的

  替换词:infrequent (doesn’t happen often)

  careful 小心的、谨慎的

  替换词:cautious (very careful in order to avoid danger) / prudent (careful and sensible)

  dislike 不喜欢、厌恶

  替换词:abhor (abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons) / loathe (dislike very much)

  near 附近的

  替换词:adjacent (two things next to each other) / adjoin (the same as adjacent)

  common 普遍的

  替换词:universal / ubiquitous (if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere)

  important 重要的

  替换词:crucial (extremely important) / significant (amount or effect large enough to be important)

  第二批

  consider sth. valuable 觉得某物有价值

  替换词:value sth. / treasure sth. / cherish sth.

  solve 解决

  替换词:tackle / combat / address

  choose sth. / choose to do sth. 选择(做)某事

  替换词:opt for sth. / opt to do sth.

  achieve 实现

  替换词:fulfill

  appear in large numbers 大量出现

  替换词:sprout up / mushroom

  pay…for (one's loss) 支付(损失)

  替换词:compensate…for…

  contribute to 有助于

  替换词:promote / facilitate(这两个词都是及物动词,所以不需要跟 to)

  hate 厌恶、反对

  替换词:resent / hold a grudge against

  is not limited to… 不限于

  替换词:is not restricted to…/ is not confined to…

  第三批

  famous people 名人

  替换词:celebrities (单数为 celebrity)

  opinion 观点

  替换词:perspective / standpoint (means looking at an event or situation in a particular way)

  complex 复杂的

  替换词:intricate (if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details)

  part 部分

  替换词:component

  person 人

  替换词:individual

  friends 朋友、同伴

  替换词:companions

  enemy 敌人

  替换词:opponent / foe

  narrow minds 狭隘的头脑或观念

  替换词:nsular minds

  boring 无聊的

  替换词:tedious (if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating)

  cold 寒冷的

  替换词:chilly (unpleasantly cold) / icy (extremely cold)

  dangerous 危险的

  替换词:perilous (very dangerous) / hazardous (dangerous, especially to people's safety and health)

  第四批

  be punished by the law 被法律制裁

  替换词:be brought to justice

  It is common for sb. to… 对…来说很普遍

  替换词:It is standard practice for sb. to…

  in this aspect 在这方面

  替换词:in this regard / in this respect

  in fact 事实上、本质上

  替换词:as a matter of fact / in essence / essentially

  It is impossible that… 不可能

  替换词:It is highly unlikely that…

  The cause of A is B. A 的原因是 B

  替换词:A can be attributed to B / A can be ascribed to B

  sth. stops 某物静止不动

  替换词:sth. comes to a standstill

  carry out 开展

  替换词:launch / conduct

  pace of life 生活节奏

  替换词:rhythm of life / tempo of life

  adapt to 适应

  替换词:adjust to / acclimate

  第五批

  try hard to do sth. 努力做某事

  替换词:pursue sth. / make a strenuous (an arduous/ a painstaking) effort to do sth.

  decrease 下降

  替换词:decline / dwindle(特指逐渐缓慢的减少)/ dip / slip (后两个词用来指短促的下降)

  develop fast 发展迅速

  替换词:flourish / thrive

  develop 培养、培育

  替换词:cultivate / foster / nurture(这三个词后面经常跟和教育有关的名词,比如 cultivate an interest in social issues)

  support 支持

  替换词:buttress / bolster

  work hard 努力工作、专心工作

  替换词:work assiduously

  consider 深思、考虑

  替换词:contemplate / reflect on / ponder

  meet 遇到

  替换词:encounter(多用于政府,文化或者 success 这样偏大一些的话题)

  provide sth. 提供某物

  替换词:afford sth.(在正式英文写作中,afford 经常可以表示「提供」)

  like sth. very much 非常喜欢某物

  替换词:have an affinity for sth. / have a strong attachment to sth.

  第六批

  improve 提高

  替换词:boost / enhance(比如 boost solidarity 增进团结 / enhance productivity 提高生产率)

  waste 浪费

  替换词:use… lavishly

  change… a lot 变化很大

  替换词:fundamentally change… / radically change… / transform…

  obey 服从、听从

  替换词:abide by / comply with / conform to (后面跟 the law / rules / regulations 等)

  depend on 取决于

  替换词:hinge on / be contingent on

  make one's dream come true 实现梦想

  替换词:fulfill one's potential / attain one's goal

  get rid of 摆脱、除去

  替换词:eliminate / remove / abolish(多用于政府类话题,废除)

  mainly 主要地

  替换词:primarily / principally / chiefly

  In the old days,… 在过去

  替换词:Traditionally,… / Historically,…

  before… 在… 之前

  替换词:prior to…

  第七批

  doubt sth. 怀疑某事

  替换词:be skeptical about sth.

  have many different abilities 多才多艺、多面手

  替换词:be versatile / be well-rounded

  poor-quality 质量差

  替换词:substandard

  spend a lot of money 花钱大手大脚

  替换词:lead an extravagant / a lavish life

  with long history 历史悠久

  替换词:time-honored(后面经常跟抽象名词,比如 tradition / practice / methods / heritage)

  be very interested in 对…感兴趣

  替换词:be absorbed in / be engrossed in

  be qualified for 胜任

  替换词:be eligible for

  very difficult 很困难

  替换词:daunting / formidable

  having wrong opinions 观点错误

  替换词:be skewed / biased

  enough 足够的

  替换词:adequate / sufficient / ample / abundant

  第八批

  nowadays 目前

  替换词:currently

  result 结果

  替换词:consequence (the results or effects of something)

  obvious 明显的

  替换词:apparent / manifest

  field 领域

  替换词:domain (a particular field of thought, activities or interest)

  wrong 错误的

  替换词:erroneous (incorrect or partly correct)

  change 改变、转变

  替换词:convert (change into another form)

  rich 富有

  替换词:affluent (if you are affluent, you have a lot of money)

  attractive 吸引人的

  替换词:appealing (pleasing and attractive) / absorbing (something absorbing can attract you a great deal)

  best 最好的

  替换词:optimal (used to describe the best level something can achieve)

  unbelievable 难以置信的

  替换词:inconceivable (if you deem something inconceivable, you think it very unlike to happen)

  method 方法

  替换词:avenue (away of getting something done)

  第九批

  too much 太多、大量的

  替换词:excessive

  very little 很小

  替换词:minimal

  cause bad effects 产生不良后果

  替换词:counterproductive

  make sth. strong 使某物强壮

  替换词:strengthen / fortify / reinforce / consolidate sth.

  make sth. worse 使某物变得更糟

  替换词:aggravate / exacerbate sth.

  stop 停止

  替换词:cease

  appear 出现

  替换词:emerge / arise

  begin 开始

  替换词:commence / initiate

  keep complaining about sth. 抱怨某事

  替换词:grumble about sth.

  第十批

  a life without regular exercise 缺乏定期锻炼的生活

  替换词:a sedentary lifestyle

  very popular 很受欢迎

  替换词:prevalent / ubiquitous

  strong 强有力的

  替换词:powerful / mighty

  be better than 比…好

  替换词:be superior to

  many 大量、许多

  替换词:numerous

  most suitable 最合适的

  替换词:optimal

  alone 孤独的

  替换词:solitary

  be the same

  替换词:be identical / be homogenous / be uniform

  happy 开心的

  替换词:delighted

  good for the environment 对环境好,环保

  替换词:eco-friendly

  推荐阅读:

  托福写作有哪些高分写作技巧

  托福写作水平提高有哪些方法

  经常考到的托福写作题目有哪些

  托福写作有哪些常见的语法错误

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