考题回忆 总论点 Etruscan 人到底是不是从土耳其迁徙到意大利的。
1. 有个历史学家的记载 Etruscan 由于饥荒从土耳其到意大利
2. Etruscan 语言被发现在靠近土耳其的一个岛
3. 土耳其人和 Etruscan 人养的牛基因相似
2. Etruscan 是 seafarers， 他们的船会到周边地方，语言想通的原因可能是他们从船只到意大利时候流传的
3. Etruscan 是 trader，牛可能是当时这些人从土耳其进口的。
解题思路 从阅读观点逻辑分析，Etruscan 人到底是从土耳其到意大利的。阅读论述了三方面的线索。听力逐一反驳，认为这些线索不足以证明 Etruscan 人迁徙路线
The reading material proposes several pieces of evidence to prove that the Etruscans originated from Turkey. Nevertheless， the listening suggests that this conclusion is not convincing and each of the arguments made in the passage has crucial weaknesses.
In the first place， the writer says that the writing of an ancient historian Herodotus confirmed that Etruscans came from Turkey. On the contrary， the professor points out that his writing was not always reliable. For example， Herodotus recorded in his books that there was a kind of huge insects in a distant country which could eat people. This unbelievable story indicates that Herodotus’ writing was not necessarily true.
Secondly， the reading states that the Tyrrhenian inscriptions found on an island near Turkey shows the origin of Etruscans. However， the lecture refutes the idea by saying that it could be just the opposite. Since Etruscans were good seafarers， they could probably sail for the island and left the inscriptions there. Therefore， it is likely that the language on the island came from Etruscans， not the other way around.
Finally， although the author believes that the genetic similarity of cows demonstrates
Etruscans’ Turkish origin， the professor argues that the cows cannot represent their owners. Because Etruscans were good traders， they could easily import some cows from Italy and then start breeding them. Thus， the third argument in the reading is also denied by the professor.