留学社区

目录

【托福阅读】同义改写阅读考试的影响

字典 |

2011-05-19 15:09

|

推荐访问

托福阅读

【 liuxue86.com - 托福阅读 】


  相对于旧托福,新托福的考试更注重语言的实用性,虽然给考生增加了备考难度,但是从长远来看,新托福更利于考生英语整体水平的提高。 

  新托福有许多自己的特点,新托福阅读的一个重要特点之一就是“同义改写(主要针对动词和形容词)”。“同义改写”对托福阅读考试有哪些影响值得我们注意呢? 

  首先,“同义改写”会影响到“定位”的准确与速度。新托福阅读十类题型中的事实信息题、列举排除题、推理题以及填表题都涉及到了原文定位的问题。定位的准确与速度也是影响阅读分数的一个重要因素。定位的时候,首先确定大区间,也就是题干中给我们具体的指示“According to paragraph X" ,"In paragraph X" 定位具体的段落,或是根据“阅读文章行文顺序与行文顺序基本一致”的特点进行大区间的定位;下一步就是确定题干中的关键词。但是,回原文中定位的时候,有时并不一定可以找到一模一样的“关键词”,因为托福阅读在定位时往往会设置一个同义改写。比如例一这道事实信息题,我们首先定位到了第三段,然后寻找题干中的关键词是“Whig Party’s view of the role of government?(Whig 政党关于政府职能的观点)”,但是定位时,你会发现原文中所对应的出处是"The government’s responsibility was to....。.(政府的职责是..。.)" 也就是说你不能期待定位时一定会从原文中找到一模一样的“关键词”,这个定位过程中很有可能出现同义改写的状况。 

  其次,定位完成后,选项部分可能又会进行一个同义改写。比如例一原文中的“to provide a well-regulated economy that guaranteed opportunity for citizens of ability”所对应的正确选项换了个说法,被改写成了“To maintain an economy that allowed all capable citizens to benefit”。所以在选择选项的时候,你也不能期待选项一定是原文中一模一样的表达。 

  同义改写的设置不仅仅是在托福阅读中,听力中也涉及到了同样的问题,也就是说正确的选项并不一定是你所到的原词原句,基本上都会设置同义改写来确定你是否真的听懂了。例二的同义改写现象请同学们自己做出分析。 

  例一:According to paragraph 3,which of the following describes the Whig Party’s view of the role of government? 

  A.To regulate the continuing conflict 

  B.To restrict the changes brought about by the market 

  C.To maintain an economy that allowed all capable citizens to benefit 

  D.To reduce the emphasis on economic development 

  Paragraph 3 : Whigs,on the other hand,were more comfortable with the market.For them,commerce and economic development agents of civilization.Nor did the Whigs envision any conflict in society between farers and workers on the one hand and businesspeople and bankers on the other.Economic growth would benefit everyone by raising national income and expanding opportunity.The government’s responsibility was to provide a well-regulated economy that guaranteed opportunity for citizens of ability。 

  例二:According to paragraph 3, the loss of natural vegetation has which of the following consequences for soil? 

  A.Increased stony content 

  B.Reduced water absorption 

  C.Increased numbers of spaces in the soil 

  D.Reduced water runoff 

  Paragraph 3: Even in the areas that retain a soil cover, the reduction of vegetation typically results in the loss of the soil's ability to absorb substantial quantities of water. The impact of raindrops on the loose soil tends to transfer fine clay particles into the tiniest soil spaces, sealing them and producing a surface that allows very little water penetration. Water absorption is greatly reduced; consequently runoff is increased, resulting in accelerated erosion rates. The gradual drying of the soil caused by its diminished ability to absorb water results in the further loss of vegetation, so that a cycle of progressive surface deterioration is established。

  想了解更多托福阅读网的资讯,请访问: 托福阅读

本文来源:https://toefl.liuxue86.com/t/230475.html
延伸阅读
托福阅读考试一直是很多学生的难点,因为中西思维不同,中英文句式有很大的差异,阅读考试中的长难句很重要。那么出国留学网小编整理了相关的资料,希望可以帮助考生度过考试的难关,下面是小编
2017-09-13
很多学生在准备托福的时候,对于听力部分特别头疼,而且不少人学起来特别吃力,那么托福听力文章中的考点有哪些呢?和出国留学网托福考试栏目小编一起来看看吧!下面是小编整理的相关资讯,欢迎
2017-09-12
托福独立写作非常难写,这是很多学生的真实写照,出国留学网托福栏目小编整理了相关的资料,希望可以帮助考生度过考试的难关,下面是小编搜集的托福独立写作范文:广告的利弊的相关资讯,欢迎参
2017-09-12
托福考试很重要,为了帮助众多考生解决托福词汇问题,出国留学网托福栏目小编整理的托福推荐单词,希望可以帮助考生度过考试的难关,下面是小编搜集的托福单词心理类词汇的相关资讯,欢迎参考!
2017-09-12
趁着10月14日考试还没来临,好好准备托福考试吧!下面是小编搜集的2017年10月14日托福听力考试小范围预测的相关资讯,希望可以帮助考生度过考试的难关,欢迎参考!2017年10月
2017-09-11