留学社区

目录

托福阅读句子简化题中的因果关系

字典 |

2018-05-22 17:05

|

【 liuxue86.com - 托福阅读 】

  ETS偏爱托福阅读句子简化题是由于表示因果的逻辑词很丰富,而且因果的大逻辑当中又可以插入其他逻辑混淆考生。希望大家锻炼出火眼金睛的能力先找出因果大关系,和出国留学网小编一起来看看托福阅读句子简化题中的因果关系。

  句子简化题中的因果逻辑

  首先,请大家牢记以下表示因果的逻辑词包括表示因为的because, since, as, for, 表示所以的so, therefore, as a result, in consequence, 后面加名词的due to, because of和result from, 后面加结果的lead to, result in, cause这些重点逻辑词。还有隐形因果词比如explain, account for都是前因后果。题目当中遇到这些词一定要敏感因果逻辑和谁是因谁是果。如果大逻辑是因果,选项是必然体现因果关系不能省略的。

u=2112944245,1896909916&fm=27&gp=0.jpg

  比如:Perhaps, like many contemporary peoples, Upper Paleolithic men and women believed that the drawing of a human image could cause death or injury, and if that were indeed their belief, it might explain why human figures are rarely depicted in cave art.

  6. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.

  ○Upper Paleolithic people, like many contemporary peoples, believed that if they drew a human image in their cave art, it would cause death or injury.

  ○Many contemporary people believe that the drawing of a human image can cause death or injury, so they, like Upper Paleolithic people, rarely depicted human figures in their cave art.

  ○If Upper Paleolithic people, like many contemporary peoples, believed that the drawing of a human image could cause death or injury, this belief might explain why human figures are rarely depicted in cave art.

  ○Although many contemporary peoples believe that the drawing of a human image can cause death or injury, researchers cannot explain why Upper Paleolithic people rarely depicted human figures in their cave art.

  我们会发现这句里面有明显因果信号词explain why和一个cause:

  Perhaps, like many contemporary peoples, Upper Paleolithic men and women believed that the drawing of a human image could cause death or injury, and if that were indeed their belief, it might explain why human figures are rarely depicted in cave art.

  所以大因果关系是原因:the drawing of a human image could cause death or injury; 结果:human figures are rarely depicted in cave art (因为旧石器时代人们相信画人物会导致死亡或者伤害,这可能会解释为什么岩壁艺术中很少出现人物形象)。这个因果关系是主要结构,绝对不能省略。观察选项只有BC保留了这层因果,B中的主语是contemporary people偷换概念,所以应该选C If Upper Paleolithic people, like many contemporary peoples, believed that the drawing of a human image could cause death or injury, this belief might explain why human figures are rarely depicted in cave art. 体现了主要因果关系。

  有时候因果逻辑关系中还会嵌套其他小逻辑,比如并列或者条件,那么我们的逻辑层次也要是先抓因果,再抓其他。比如:

  The extreme seriousness of desertification results from the vast areas of land and the tremendous numbers of people affected, as well as from the great difficulty of reversing or even slowing the process.

  本句大因果关系是导致沙漠化的原因,其次才是并列的三个小原因:地方大,人多,不可逆转。所以对应的选项为:Desertification is a significant problem because it is so hard to reverse and affects large areas of land. 注意,小并列可以省略一个,但是主要因果关系不能省。

  推荐阅读:

  托福阅读考试审题的步骤

  托福阅读如何更好的准备

  托福阅读文章类型的解析

  托福写作中利弊关系如何把握

  想了解更多托福阅读网的资讯,请访问: 托福阅读

本文来源:https://toefl.liuxue86.com/t/3738290.html
延伸阅读
托福阅读对于很多正在备考的同学们来说,托福阅读的备考是至关重要的,那么接下来就和出国留学网一起来看看托福阅读素材:玛雅的衰落。托福阅读考试日期:2018年6月30日新托福阅读题目回
2018-07-20
2018年托福阅读的题型以及算分方式?这是同学们需要了解的事情,那么接下来就和出国留学网一起来看看吧!希望可以帮助到大家。2018年托福阅读考试需要完成3篇文章,每篇文章的字数大约
2018-07-20
对于很多正在备考托福的同学来说,备考托福阅读的资料选择是哪些呢?接下来就和出国留学网一起来看看如何搞定托福阅读?托福文章的秘密托福阅读的文章,根据出处及选材范围,可以将归为三类:说
2018-07-20
托福阅读备考有哪些常见问题?这是正在备考的同学需要知道的,那么接下来就和出国留学网来了解一下,欢迎阅读。托福阅读常见问题:一定要背单词吗?我们知道托福阅读的文章大多数都是学术类的,
2018-07-19
托福阅读的长难句是托福阅读的难点之一,同学们如何解决这个问题呢?接下来就和出国留学网一起来来看看托福阅读长难句做题法则。托福阅读长难句训练准则一:学会迅速读懂托福阅读长难句主要是用
2018-07-19
大家做好准备迎接考试了吗?出国留学网托福栏目诚意整理“2017年托福阅读长难句辅导:因果关系类”,欢迎广大考生前来学习。今天我们来看一下最喜闻乐见的长难句&
2017-01-22
对于准备考托福的同学来说,不知道准备得怎么样呢?今天就和出国留学网的小编一起来看看如何攻克托福阅读句子简化题?句子简化题的考察形式非常容易识别,我们会在原文一段话中看到被“高亮”出
2018-04-29
为了帮助考生们更好地备考托福,出国留学网托福栏目为大家带来“实例解答托福阅读句子简化题”,希望对大家有所帮助哦!Atonetime,theanimalspr
2016-12-05
很多同学对于托福阅读一项都比较困扰,其实提升托福阅读的方法很多,掌握不同题型的解题技巧就是一个好选择,那么今天就和出国留学网的小编一起来看看托福阅读句子简化题的解题技巧。托福阅读中
2018-05-04
托福阅读要拿高分,除了日常的练习以外,也要注意一些技巧的使用。出国留学网托福栏目为您带来“托福阅读句子简化题错误原因分析”,希望能有所帮助哦!托福阅读的句子
2016-12-21