留学社区

目录

托福独立写作范文分析:政府需要支持毫无用处的研究吗

字典 |

2018-06-21 11:19

|

【 liuxue86.com - 托福作文 】

  托福独立写作要求考生有鲜明的观点,并且为观点做出最好的诠释,那么接下来就和出国留学网来看看托福独立写作范文分析:政府需要支持毫无用处的研究吗?

image.png

  Government should support scientific research even if the research does not have any practical use.

  Scientific research can be divided into two types: basic and applied. The purpose of basic research is to yield knowledge, while the purpose of applied research is to yield something with practical value. It may be tempting to argue that governments should only fund applied research—it is the intuitively "practical" choice—but this would be a bad idea.

  开头段作者直接给出观点:认为只支持有实际用处的研究不是一个好选择。

  First, applied research rests upon the foundation erected by basic research. All of the knowledge and techniques used in applied research have their origins in basic research. All of the work going into understanding the larger universe, for example, currently has very little practical application—why do we need to know about celestial bodies and the like when it might be centuries before we ever travel to them? But when humankind finally devises the means to send those first interstellar explorers off into the stars, it'll be thanks to the centuries of basic research that came before. The needs of the future are difficult to forecast. Therefore we cannot rule out scientific undertakings which have no immediate practical value.

  Second, even if the results of basic research are not immediately applicable, we can at least examine how the research is conducted to hone our methodologies. That way, when scientists are conducting applied research that utilizes related concepts or methods, there will be some previous record or procedure to refer to. At the very least, the techniques pioneered in basic research should be transferrable to applied research. For example, say in the course of basic research on a certain chemical compound it is shown that they can be synthesized more efficiently using X method. The compound itself may be relatively valueless, but scientists doing applied research may look at how this more efficient process was arrived at and formalize a way to find cheaper solutions to synthesizing commercial chemicals.

  It is true that the government could be spending their money on research with more immediate practical benefits—its duty is, after all, ultimately to foster the wellbeing of its citizens, and practical research can aid in that endeavor in more concrete ways. But if the government foregoes supporting knowledge for the sake of knowledge, then who will pick up the slack? Applied research can lean on private funding, because it is by its very nature a commercial undertaking. But basic research? Aside from foundations and wealthy philanthropists with a predilection for science, there would be nobody to support the march of scientific progress. As human beings we are more than just creatures of comfort—we are also knowers, and so furthering our understanding of the world should also fall under the rubric of government responsibility.

  中间三段主体段,作者分别从不同的角度对自己的观点展开论述。

  We cannot know where a particular line of inquiry will take us before we have arrived—otherwise, the act of inquiring would be pointless. Thus governments should at least fund basic research "just in case" a useful discovery is made. We also do not have to arrive at a useful destination to benefit from the inquisitive journey—the actual process of investigating might teach us as much as the answer we finally stumble upon. This is another reason funding for basic research should be dismissed out of hand. And last but not least, the pursuit of knowledge is a fundamentally human endeavor. The government should support if it seeks to aid in the flourishing of its citizens, because few others will step up to fill that role.

  最后一段点题,首尾呼应,也是对前文具体论据的进一步强调。

  托福独立写作的考察模式对考生的观点阐述逻辑性提出了比较高的要求,在备考托福独立写作的过程中我们需要多参考优秀范文的写作思路、行文逻辑,并注意提炼其中亮眼表达,在自身练习过程中进行仿写,融会贯通实现托福写作水平的飞跃。

  推荐阅读:

  2018年托福独立写作分析

  托福独立写作素材:政府行为类

  托福独立写作范文:环境问题个人无法解决吗

  托福独立写作范文参考:对朋友能完全诚实吗

  想了解更多托福作文网的资讯,请访问: 托福作文

本文来源:https://toefl.liuxue86.com/t/3766897.html
延伸阅读
对于现在正在进行托福综合写作的同学来说,对于写作考试有没有把握呢?接下来就和出国留学网一起来看看托福综合写作:人的脑子越来越小的三个原因新托福写作题目回忆版本一:考题回忆:总论点阅
2018-07-20
在托福写作的时候,入股哟不知道如何进行写作,可以在备考的时候先了解模板,那么接下来就和出国留学网一起来看看托福写作模板以及技巧。1.托福的作文就是英文的“八股”,有套路,所以模板用
2018-07-20
托福写作速度慢对于托福写作考试来说是一个致命的缺点,对于不能进行完整写作的同学,肯定知道托福的分数不会高,那么接下来就和出国留学网一起来看看如何将托福写作变快?其实对于托福作文来说
2018-07-19
托福独立写作对于很多托福考生来说,都是一个比较大的难点,那么接下来就和出国留学网一起来看看2018年托福独立写作需要注意哪些细节?细节一:开头段交代清楚就行,不要一味求长还记得学英
2018-07-19
托福写作的模板一直是很多同学所唾弃的,但是托福写作模板还是有一点用的,那么接下来就和出国留学网一起来看看如何利用托福写作模板?大家在动笔以前必须要认真审题和构思,还要尽可能的明确写
2018-07-19
托福独立写作非常难写,这是很多学生的真实写照,出国留学网托福栏目小编整理了相关的资料,希望可以帮助考生度过考试的难关,下面是小编搜集的托福独立写作范文:你喜欢独处吗的相关资讯,欢迎
2017-09-14
托福写作有哪些好的素材呢?出国留学网托福栏目小编整理了相关的资料,希望可以帮助考生度过考试的难关,下面是小编搜集的托福独立写作范文:你依赖老师吗的相关资讯,欢迎参考!查看全部独立写
2017-09-22
托福独立写作需要靠平时的积累,出国留学网托福栏目小编整理了相关的资料,希望可以帮助考生度过考试的难关,下面是小编搜集的托福独立写作范文:你是有主见的人吗的相关资讯,欢迎参考!查看全
2017-09-19
托福独立写作需要靠平时的积累,出国留学网托福栏目小编整理了相关的资料,希望可以帮助考生度过考试的难关,下面是小编搜集的托福独立写作范文:孩子应该承担家务吗的相关资讯,欢迎参考!查看
2017-09-16
托福写作有哪些好的素材呢?出国留学网托福栏目小编整理了相关的资料,希望可以帮助考生度过考试的难关,下面是小编搜集的托福独立写作范文:你是外貌协会吗的相关资讯,欢迎参考!查看全部独立
2017-09-22