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托福口语考试的基本结构是什么

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2018-06-22 10:42

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  中国考生的托福口语托福考试中最难过的一关,所以好好备考是非常重要的,那么同学们在考前了解托福口语的基本结构,对于备考是非常有帮助单位,接下来就和出国留学网来看看托福口语考试的基本结构是什么?

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  TASK 1&2

  第一部分(1-2题):准备时间为15秒,考生答题时间为45秒。第1、2中的题目属于日常话题,这两道题本身难度比较小,所以考生特别需要注意的就是托福口语时间的分配问题,在这45秒的时间里,一般用5~6秒的时间完成topic sentence, 接下来的40秒时间内考生需要以每一个detail或者example不超过3-4句话的规律完成这个话题,也就是说考生需要大致20秒完成一个detail或example的表述。如果考生能在考前进行充分的准备,努力锻炼自己的托福口语思维,积累常用的details或examples,考试时就会从容许多。

  TASK 3&4

  第二部分(3-4题):准备时间30秒,考生答题时间为60秒。这部分考试内容主要是情景题和学术题。考生在阅读的时候要注意认真记录主题和所支撑的观点。同时在TASK 3&4的托福听力进行中,考生要把握好其重点环节,也就是题中人物的观点以及他支持或反对的理由。另外,考生在表述过程中,答题结构一定要清楚,在练习时建议使用计时软件,多锻炼几次才能在考试规定的时间范围内把要点说全、说清楚。

  TASK 5&6

  第三部分(5-6题):准备时间30秒,考生答题时间为60秒。最后的5、6道主要以听力材料为基础,要求考生回答相关问题。首先,考生掌控时间能力的强弱对这个部分成绩的高低至关重要。前两道考题的准备时间为15秒,考生回答时间为45秒;3、4考题的准备时间为30秒,考生回答时间则为60秒;最后两道题目的考生准备时间为20秒,考生回答时间为60秒。大部分考生在这一环节都反映口语部分的准备时间利用效率低而且作答比较仓促。

  接下来,小智整理了一些托福口语常考话题,给各位童鞋分享一下~

  1. 描述人物

  1) What are the characteristics of a good friend? Use reasons and examples to support your responses.

  答题要点:重要的是描述出 2-3 个优点,并加上举例。

  类似题目:

  *What are the characteristics of a good neighbor/ parent/ teacher/ classmate/ roommate?

  * Describe the characteristics that make a person successful

  2) Which person has helped you the most to get where you are today, and how has he or she helped you?

  答题要点:重要的是描述出 2-3 件事情,越具体详细越好。

  类似题目:

  * What person who is alive today would you most like to meet?

  * Describe a person you admire most and explain why you admire this person?

  * What famous person would you like to visit for one hour and why?

  * Describe a person who has influenced you in an important way. Explain why this person has had an effect on your life.

  2. 描述地点

  Describe a place where you go for rest and relaxation. Explain why it is a good place for you to relax.

  答题要点:描述出3个左右的理由,如 beautiful scenery, shopping facilities, employment opportunities, easy transportation …

  类似题目:

  * If you could live anywhere, where would you live?

  * Which place in your hometown would you like to take visitors to see and why?

  * Choose a place you go to often that is important to you and explain why it is important.

  * What foreign country would you like to visit? Choose a country and explain why you would like to go there.

  * Describe one thing you would like to improve about your hometown.

  3. 描述节日

  What is your favorite holiday? Use reasons and details to support your response.

  答题要点:描述出喜欢节日的理由,如 relax, travel, family reunion, get-together …

  类似题目:

  * What is your favorite day of the year?

  * Describe an event such as a holiday or other occasion that you enjoy celebrating and explain why the event is significant to you.

  4. 描述工作

  If you can have any job in the world, what would it be?

  答题要点:从几条类似理由中找出容易描述的点,如: Challenging job, decent salary, social status, good reputation, chances for promotions, travel …

  类似题目:

  What would be your dream job?

  5. 描述事件

  What event in your life made you very happy?

  答题要点:通过具体事例描述出这件事情的重要性,可以选择描述获得特别奖励、难忘的一次旅行、被高等大学录取等,同时也需要考虑如果题目让考生描述的是关于不好的事情时要怎么回答。

  类似题目:

  * Describe the most impressive event in your life.

  * What important lesson have you learned in your life?

  6. 描述体育运动

  What is your favorite game? Describe the game and explain why you like to play it.

  答题要点:万能理由五选一:Exercise, relax, make friends, make money, team work, team spirit

  类似题目:

  * What is your favorite sport?

  * What new skill would you like to learn?

  * What do you do in your spare time?

  * Explain what you do to relieve stress and why you do it.

  7. 描述食物

  What is your favorite food?

  答题要点:从几条类似理由中选择描述:Delicious, nutritious, not expensive, easy to get/prepare, different choices…

  8. 描述物品

  Describe an object that is very special in your life

  答题要点:为什么特殊,可以选择描述生日礼物,考入大学/大学毕业的奖品,重要荣誉/奖品等

  9. 描述学习

  * Why you are preparing to take TOEFL?

  * What do you like/dislike most about learning English?

  10. 描述你的人生规划

  What would you like to be professionally in ten years? Use details to support your responses.

  推荐阅读:

  托福考试是什么

  托福口语的逻辑笔记法是什么

  2018年托福口语考试的标准是什么

  想了解更多托福口语网的资讯,请访问: 托福口语

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