留学社区

目录

托福听力Lecture题型解析

字典 |

2018-05-21 15:44

|

【 liuxue86.com - 托福听力 】

  托福听力的Lecture题型是很多同学都感觉很难的的,那么如何赢得高分呢?下面就和出国留学网的小编来看看托福听力Lecture题型解析。

image.png

  其实很多老师都会告诉学生这些地方是重点,在听听力的时候,一旦听到这些一定要非常注意,可是有很多学生却抓不住这些点,即便他们知道这些方面是重点。首先我们先把这些点具体化,看在听力中这些点是如何表现出来的:

  文章开头

  文章的开头之所以要很认真的听,而且一定要听到是因为文章的开头关系到主旨大意题。托福听力文章的开头一般分为两个方面:一种是开门见山式,即文章一开头教授就会说”Today, we are going to talk about...”;一种是迂回式,即教授先说之前的课讲了什么,比如“Last class, we talked about…” 中间会讲很多内容,但是这些都是上节课的内容,教授在讲完后会说“But, today, we are going to talk about…” 这时才是这节课的主要内容。如何快速的进入听力状态,一是平常练习的时候,不管外界环境有多大的干扰,都要锻炼自己瞬间进入听力状态,文章的前两句话一定要听懂。那么,主旨大意题就可以直接搞定。

  列举&举例

  列举,即把事物或者特征或者例子一个个的举出来。在托福听力中的体现为对某个事物的特点的列举,或者对事物的几个方面的列举,或者几个不同的事物的列举。比如听力通常会出现first, second; on the one hand, on the other hand; first, then; some, others等。所以在听到这些提示词时,一定要认真听,而且要记下来。列举通常对应多选题,根据近年来托福听力的考试趋势,多选题出现频率越来越高,所以一定要重视听力中出现的列举。

  举例,通常会出现一个不同于文章主旨大意的内容,这时一定要记住这个例子。举例对应功能题,所以在出现“for example”,“for instance”,“such as”,“like”等词时要注意例子的具体名称是什么,这样在听力题目中一旦出现例子至少不会觉得陌生,而且能够根据笔记快速回忆起对应的听力中的内容,准确答出题目。

  转折&强调&语气变化处

  转折即文章中出现转折的地方,常见的对应标志词有“however,but,while,yet”等。听力过程中可能会出现很多这种转折标志词,但并不是每个转折的地方都会出题,但是基本会有一道题目和转折相关,所以为了保险起见,建议同学们每一个转折点都认真听,然后记下来。

  强调&语气变化处,相对于转折来说标志词没那么明显,所以在听力过程中很容易被忽略。强调的标志词有in fact,actually,really等。演讲者在讲这些词的时候一般都会放慢语速,所以强调和语气变化经常一起出现,因此同学们在听力时要特别注意。

  下面以托福TPO 1-Part 1-Lecture 1为例解释如何预测出题点。

  Professor:

  Ok, I’m going to begin this lecture by giving your next assignment. Remember I said that at some point during this semester I want you to attend an exhibit at the Fairy Street Gallery and then write about it? Well, the exhibit that I want you to attend is coming up. It’s already started in fact, but it’ll be at the gallery for the next month, which should give you plenty of time to complete this assignment.

  The name of the artist exhibiting there is Rose Frantzen. Frantzen’s work may be unfamiliar to you since she’s a relatively young artist. But she’s got a very unusual style, compared to some of the artists we’ve looked at this term. But anyway, Frantzen’s style is what she herself calls Realistic Impressionism. So you’ve probably studied both of these movements separately, separate movements, Realism and Impressionism, in some of your art history courses. So who can just sum these up?

  Student:

  Well, Impressionism started in the late 19th century. Um … the basic impressionist style was very different from earlier styles. It didn’t depict scenes or models exactly as they looked. Um … Impressionist painters tended to apply paint really thickly, and in big brushstrokes, so the texture of the canvas was rough.

  Professor:

  Good. What else? What were the subjects?

  Student:

  Well, a lot of impressionist artists painted everyday scenes, like people on the streets and in cafes, uh, lots of nature scenes, especially landscapes.

  Professor:

  Good. So when you go to the exhibit, I really want you to take a close look at a certain painting. It’s a farm scene. And you will see it right as you enter the gallery. The reason I think this painting is so important is that it stresses the impressionist aspect of Frantzen’s style. It’s an outdoor scene, an everyday scene. It’s kind of bleak, but you can really see those broad brushstrokes and the blurry lines. The colors aren’t quite realistic. The sky is kind of, well an unnatural pinkish yellow. And the fence in the foreground is blue, but somehow the overall scene gives an impression of a cold, bleak winter day on a farm. So that’s the impressionist side of her work.

  Oh, and speaking about farms, that reminds me. One interesting thing I read about Franzten is that when she first moved back to Iowa after living abroad, she often visited this place in her town called the Sales Barn. And the Sales Barn, it was basically this place where the local farmers bought and sold their cattle, their farm animals. And the reason Frantzen went there, and she later on would visit other places like dance halls, was to observe people and the ways that they moved. She really found that this helped her work—that it gave her an understanding of body movements and actions, how humans move, and stand still, what their postures were like, too.

  So, what about Realism? What are the elements of Realism we should be looking for in Frantzen’s work?

  推荐阅读:

  托福听力五种题型的解题技巧

  不同托福听力题型的备考方式

  2018年托福听力题型最新解析

  托福听力题型介绍以及做题技巧

  想了解更多托福听力网的资讯,请访问: 托福听力

本文来源:https://toefl.liuxue86.com/t/3736554.html
延伸阅读
对于托福听力,同学们有哪些想法呢?接下来就和出国留学网一起来看看托福听力有哪些正确的练习方式?欢迎阅读。1、概括听力练习这个练习方法不需要考生听懂听力材料的每一个细节,但要抓住说话
2018-07-19
2018年托福听力主旨题怎么做?这是很多同学的疑惑,那么接下来就和出国留学网一起来看看吧,希望对于大家有帮助。策略一记录关键词引导的信息关键词表示了和听力核心内容密不可分的单词或者
2018-07-19
精听是托福听力备考一种非常有效的方法,那么接下来就和出国留学网一起来看看如何进行有效的精听?希望对于大家有帮助。托福听力精听方法一:总听全文为什么叫总听呢?即别陷进文章内容的细节。
2018-07-19
对于很多托福考试的同学来说,听力是很多同学需要提高的一个方面,那么接下来就和出国留学网一起来看看托福听力如何进行提高?托福听力算得上是考生的一个重要失分点,那么究竟托福听力训练要怎
2018-07-19
托福听力辩音的问题,对袁腾飞听力影响是比较大的,那么接下来就和出国留学网一起来看看托福听力辩音问题如何解决?托福听力听不准问题汇总托福听力中比较让考生觉得困扰的地方在于所有解题涉及
2018-07-18
正在备考托福的同学们,对于托福考试了解多少呢?托福听力考试分为Conversation和Lecture,那么今天就和出国留学网来看看托福听力考试Lecture介绍。托福考试是学术英
2018-06-25
考试包含主旨题、细节题、推断题等,了解不同题型的特点,掌握不同的答题技巧,能够帮助我们更好的备考听力。下面是出国留学网小编为大家带来的全面解析托福听力题型,希望能够对大家有所帮助。
2018-05-11
只有了解托福听力有哪些题型才能更好的备考托福听力,那么下面就和出国留学网的小编一起来了解一下2018年托福听力题型最新解析。托福听力题型之主旨题:IBT听力主旨题考查把握谈话或演讲
2018-05-16
了解托福听力lecture的出题点,抓住题目的脉络,对于提升托福听力的成绩是非常重要的,那么下面就会出国留学网的小编来看看托福听力lecture的5大出题点。1.托福听力lectu
2018-06-01
很多学生在准备托福的时候,对于听力部分特别头疼,而且不少人学起来特别吃力,那么托福听力考试的常见题型有哪些呢?和出国留学网托福考试栏目小编一起来看看吧!下面是小编整理的相关资讯,欢
2017-09-01